A new file-archiver-in-the-browser phishing kit has been created that tricks victims into opening malicious zip files and downloading and installing malware on their devices.
The phishing kit takes advantage of the new .zip TLD domain that was released by Google this month along with 7 other new TLDs (.dad, .phd, .prof, .esq, .foo, .mov, and .nexus). According to Google, “.Zip is a secure domain for tying things together or moving really fast. Hosting content on a .zip domain means speed.” However, the new TLD is ripe for abuse and a phishing kit has already been created that takes advantage of this new TLD.
The problem with .zip domains is an attacker could easily create a new domain such as setup.zip or invoice.zip, for use in phishing and malware distribution. For instance, a domain could be registered that mimics a legitimate file archiver, such as WinZip or WinRAR, and emails sent with clickable .zip links. Setup.zip would seem like a normal setup archive for installing a program, and the domain could be used to download a setup.zip file containing malicious files.
This was recently demonstrated by a security researcher called Mr.d0x. He showed that a webpage on a registered .zip domain can be made to appear to be a regular WinRAR file using HTML/CSS. He also provided another example mimicking the Windows 11 File Explorer window. To make the scam more believable, the domain generates a fake antivirus popup that tells the user that the content of the .zip file has been scanned and found to contain no malware. Popups can also be generated on the site to make the scam even more realistic, as the popups do not show the address bar.
In this example, the webpage emulated a standard WinRAR file, which included two files – Invoice.pdf and installer.exe. The installer.exe file is naturally an executable file that will install the malware payload; however, the Invoice.pdf file is seemingly benign. This could be used to download an executable file, such as a file with a double extension – Invoice.pdf.exe. If the user has their device configured to hide known extensions, all they would see is invoice.pdf, and the file could easily be opened in the belief it is a harmless PDF file.
These new domains will certainly be used in phishing attacks, although there is an easy way to protect your business and that is to use a web filter such as WebTitan and simply block access to .zip domains. If a user attempts to visit such a domain, no connection will be made to the domain and instead, they will be directed to a local block page – No connection = no threat. If employees need access to specific .zip domains for business purposes, then those domains can be whitelisted through WebTitan to allow access.
You can install WebTitan on a free trial to see how easy it is to block access to specific TLDs, categories of websites that serve no business purpose, access to known malicious URLs, and risky file downloads, such as executable files that are commonly used to deliver malware (.exe, .js, .bat, .msi). Blocking these files can also help to control shadow IT – unauthorized software installations by employees that are unknown to the IT department.
For more information on WebTitan, contact the TitanHQ team today.